In Hebrews 7, the Melchizedec priesthood’s connection to Jesus Christ is explained.
Also, the priesthood which functioned under the Law given to Moses and the people of Israel at Mt. Sinai, is compared to the priesthood of Melchizedec.
When studying chapters that have comparative explanations like this, I take a piece of paper and divide it down the middle. Then, going through the chapter, I list the characteristics of each subject. This way I have the lists side by side and can see more clearly and also more indepth what God is saying on that particular subject.
Since I’m not sure how to do that two column listing here, I will have to post two consecutive lists.
First we will look at the Levitical priesthood:
Levi appointed to priesthood by the LAW (Vs. 5)
Paid tithes to Melchizedec while in loins of Abraham (Vs. 9 & 10), showing the Melchizedec priesthood superior to Levitical priesthood, for the lesser tithes to the greater.
Under Levitical priesthood people received the Law (Moses of the tribe/family of Levi), (Vs. 11)
Couldn’t produce righteousness/Life, (Vs. 11,18&19).
The Law establishing the Levitical priesthood was unable to overcome sin, (Vs. 18)
Another priesthood was necessary, one after Order of Melchizedec, not Order of Aaron, (Vs. 11).
Levitical priests stopped being priests at death (Vs. 23)
This priesthood established by the Law (which was a carnal/earthy commandment), (Vs. 16)
This commandment was annulled, (Vs. 18)
Priests of this Order had to offer sacrifices daily for sin, both theirs and the peoples, (Vs. 27)
The Law made men with weaknesses priests, (Vs. 28)
Made a Priest by an OATH (Vs. 20)
King of Salem
Priest of the Most High God (Vs. 1)
Met Abraham returning from battle and blessed him, (Vs. 1)
Received tithes of Abraham, (Vs. 2)
King of Righteousness
King of Peace, (Vs. 2)
No recorded birth date, father, mother, relatives or death,
Therefore a priest still, (Vs. 3)
Made like unto the Son of God (a priest forever), (Vs. 3)
Greater than Abraham and his descendants, Aaron & Levi, (Vs. 4)
Blessed Abraham, the receiver of the PROMISES(Gen. 12:2&3), (Vs. 6)
Abraham who was blessed,
showed his inferiority to the ‘blesser’, Melchizedec. (Vs. 7)
Melchizedec priesthood not based on family/tribal connections, (Vs. 13)
Not based on a commandment, (Vs. 16)
Made a priest by OATH(Psa. 110:4), (Vs. 20)
Melchizedec priesthood brought in (ushered in, established) a better hope, (Vs. 19)
Eternal priesthood, based on the power of an endless life, (Vs. 17 & 24)
A better testament/covenant, (Vs. 22)
A Eternal Guarantor of this Testament, (Vs. 22)
An unchangeable priesthood/eternally established, (Vs. 24)
Provides utter/total/eternal salvation, (Vs. 25)
This Priesthood/Priest is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, made higher than the heavens, (Vs. 26)
One Sacrifice/Offering forever, (Vs. 27)